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Broadway: The American Musical

Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin': 1943-1960 (Season 1, Episode 4)
TV Episode | Documentary, Music

Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II - a newly formed songwriting team due to Lorenz Hart's ill health - ushered in a new era of the Broadway musical with the revolutionary production of "Oklahoma!", in what was called the first ...See moreRichard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II - a newly formed songwriting team due to Lorenz Hart's ill health - ushered in a new era of the Broadway musical with the revolutionary production of "Oklahoma!", in what was called the first integrated musical where the songs, musical score and choreography were all in support of moving the story forward. For Hammerstein, stories previously thought of as taboo were now ripe for transformation into Broadway musicals. Rodgers and Hammerstein were the premier songwriters of this form. What they also pioneered was the first act conditional ballad, where the romantic leads could sing about the scenario "what if we were in love". New teams were taking up the integrated musical form, including composer Leonard Bernstein, lyricists Betty Comden and Adolph Green and choreographer Jerome Robbins with their show "On the Town", and Frank Loesser/Abe Burrows' show "Guys and Dolls" (with choreography by Michael Kidd), which was renowned for its use of everyday language in its songs. Established composers also took up the form. Even Irving Berlin, who initially dismissed the storybook musical, entered the fray with "Annie Get Your Gun", which was produced by Rodgers and Hammerstein and which contained what has become the unofficial anthem of musical theater: 'There's No Business Like Show Business'. The notion of the required romantic pairing in musicals changed with composer Frederick Loewe and lyricist Alan Jay Lerner's production of "My Fair Lady". One of the most acclaimed musicals of the era came to pass when actress Mary Martin asked, solely by chance, Rodgers and Hammerstein to write a single song for a play in which she was working. That play and song were eventually transformed into "The Sound of Music". This would become Rodgers and Hammerstein's last collaboration before Hammerstein's passing. Written by Huggo See less
Read more: Plot summary
Writers
Martin Starger (conceived by) (developed in association with) | JoAnn Young
Cinematographers
Status
Edit Released
Updated Oct 20, 2004

Release date
Oct 20, 2004 (United States)

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Cast

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64 cast members
Name STARmeter Known for
Cris Alexander
Chip (in 'On the Town') (archive footage) Chip (in 'On the Town') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Julie Andrews
Herself - Host Herself - Host   See fewer
Top 5000
Jack Benny
Actor (archive footage) Actor (archive footage)   See fewer
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Irving Berlin
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Vivian Blaine
Miss Adelaide (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Miss Adelaide (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Johnny Borden
Randolph McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) Randolph McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Yul Brynner
King Mongkut of Siam (in 'The King and I') (archive footage) King Mongkut of Siam (in 'The King and I') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Abe Burrows
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Kitty Carlisle
Herself (as Kitty Carlisle Hart) Herself (as Kitty Carlisle Hart)   See fewer
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Ted Chapin
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Jan Clayton
Julie Jordan (in 'Carousel') (archive footage) Julie Jordan (in 'Carousel') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Betty Comden
Herself Herself   See fewer
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Agnes de Mille
Herself Herself   See fewer
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Alfred Drake
Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!') / Petruchio (in 'Kiss Me Kate') (voice) (archive sound) Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!') / Petruchio (in 'Kiss Me Kate') (voice) (archive sound)   See fewer
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Cy Feuer
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Philip Furia
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Dick Gautier
Conrad Birdie (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) (as Richard Gautier) Conrad Birdie (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) (as Richard Gautier)   See fewer
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Brendan Gill
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Adolph Green
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Oscar Hammerstein II
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Andy Hammerstein
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Rex Harrison
Himself / Professor Henry Higgins (in 'My Fair Lady') (archive footage) Himself / Professor Henry Higgins (in 'My Fair Lady') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Wendy Hiller
Eliza Doolittle (in 'Pygmalion') (archive footage) Eliza Doolittle (in 'Pygmalion') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Leslie Howard
Professor Henry Higgins (in 'Pygmalion') (archive footage) Professor Henry Higgins (in 'Pygmalion') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Shirley Jones
Laurey Williams (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Laurey Williams (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Stubby Kaye
Nicely-Nicely Johnson (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Nicely-Nicely Johnson (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Michael Kidd
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Robert Kimball
Himself Himself   See fewer
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John Lahr
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Gertrude Lawrence
Herself / Anna Leonowens (in 'The King and I') (archive sound) Herself / Anna Leonowens (in 'The King and I') (archive sound)   See fewer
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Sam Levene
Nathan Detroit (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Nathan Detroit (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Bambi Linn
Dream Laurey (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Dream Laurey (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Frank Loesser
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Paul Lynde
Harry McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) Harry McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Gordon MacRae
Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Marijane Maricle
Doris McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) Doris McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Mary Martin
Nellie Forbush (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage) Nellie Forbush (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Groucho Marx
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Ethel Merman
Annie Oakley (in 'Annie Get Your Gun') (archive footage) Annie Oakley (in 'Annie Get Your Gun') (archive footage)   See fewer
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James A. Michener
Himself (as James Michener) Himself (as James Michener)   See fewer
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Ann Miller
Lois Lane (in 'Kiss Me Kate') (archive footage) Lois Lane (in 'Kiss Me Kate') (archive footage)   See fewer
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James Mitchell
Dream Curly (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Dream Curly (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Patricia Morison
Herself / Katharine (in 'Kiss Me Kate') Herself / Katharine (in 'Kiss Me Kate')   See fewer
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Steve Nelson
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Ezio Pinza
Emile de Becque (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage) Emile de Becque (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage)   See fewer
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B.S. Pully
Big Jule (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Big Jule (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
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John Raitt
Himself / Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!) / Billy Bigelow (in 'Carousel') Himself / Curly McLain (in 'Oklahoma!) / Billy Bigelow (in 'Carousel')   See fewer
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Jerome Robbins
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Mary Rodgers
Herself Herself   See fewer
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Richard Rodgers
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Johnny Silver
Benny Southstreet (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Benny Southstreet (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Frank Sinatra
Nathan Detroit (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage) Nathan Detroit (in 'Guys and Dolls') (archive footage)   See fewer
Top 5000
Stephen Sondheim
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Rod Steiger
Jud Fry (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Jud Fry (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Peter Stone
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Ed Sullivan
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Bill Tabbert
Himself / Lt. Joseph Cable, USMC (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage) Himself / Lt. Joseph Cable, USMC (in 'South Pacific') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Michael Tilson Thomas
Himself (as Michael Tilson-Thomas) Himself (as Michael Tilson-Thomas)   See fewer
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Rudy Vallee
Himself (archive footage) Himself (archive footage)   See fewer
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Nancy Walker
Hildy Esterhazy (in 'On the Town') (archive footage) Hildy Esterhazy (in 'On the Town') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Susan Watson
Kim McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage) Kim McAfee (in 'Bye Bye Birdie') (archive footage)   See fewer
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James Whitmore
Andrew Carnes (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage) Andrew Carnes (in 'Oklahoma!') (archive footage)   See fewer
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Max Wilk
Himself Himself   See fewer
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George C. Wolfe
Himself Himself   See fewer
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Ratings Breakdown

8.8 / 10 | 11 votes